The Fuel Choices and Smart Mobility Initiative, Israel's national program for alternative fuels and means of transportation, was launched in 2011 as a joint governmental effort headed by the Prime Minister’s Office. The Initiative aims to establish Israel as a center of know-how and industry in alternative fuels and smart mobility, serving as a showcase to the world.


The Fuel Choices and Smart Mobility Initiative, Israel's national program for fuel alternatives and smart mobility, is a joint effort of ten government ministries: Energy, Transport, Economy, Environmental Protection, Science, Finance, Defense, Agriculture, Foreign Affairs, and finally, the Prime Minister's Office, which leads the Initiative. It is multidisciplinary in its nature and international in scope.


On July 2, 2010, the government of Israel passed a resolution stating that it “sees research, development, and implementation of technologies that reduce global oil use in transport as a national mission that requires harnessing national resources” and set this goal as a top priority, in light of strategic national interest, environmental considerations, and economic potential.

The Fuel Choices and Smart Mobility Initiative was established the following year, headed from within the Prime Minister’s Office. It was budgeted for ten years in order to create regulatory stability and an investment horizon for market stakeholders, and includes tools to strengthen scientific and applied research in the field and strengthen entrepreneurship and industry. Two additional government solutions laying out various means and goals were passed in 2011 and 2013.

On January 22, 2017, the government of Israel approved NIS 250 million, to be spread over five years as part of the national plan for smart mobility. The program has two main objectives: first, to strengthen Israel as a center of knowledge in terms of smart mobility; and second, to promote innovative solutions for transportation in Israel. The national plan for smart mobility complements the national plan for alternative fuels.

Some of the main steps of the program:


  • Establishing a testing center for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles
  • Providing access to open source data and high-resolution mapping in Israel
  • Creating a Smart Mobility Research center to encourage collaboration of academia and industry
  • Supporting pilot demonstration and deployment projects in projects in new technologies and operational concepts in the transportation sector with the potential of lessening congestion, reducing traffic accidents, decreasing the use of petroleum and encouraging the use of public transportation.
  • Creating a supportive and innovative regulatory framework

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Government Resolution 2790 30.01.2011
Activation of a National Program for Developing Technologies Reducing the Global Utilization of Petroleum for Transportation Purposes and for Augmenting Related Knowledge-Based Industries

Further Government Resolutions

07.02.2010- 1354 / 30.01.2011- 2790/ 13.01.2013- 5327/ 22.1.2017 – 2316


Together with nine partner government ministries, the Initiative aims to create a business-supportive environment for the market through simplification of bureaucratic processes and a means to quickly respond to market changes and needs. It supports Israel’s interdisciplinary nature and Israeli entrepreneurs’ operational agility, as well as cutting-edge academic research and exceptional cooperation between academic institutions and industry.

The scope of work performed by Initiative partners within the various government ministries and related agencies is massive, affecting about 500 companies, 220 research groups, and hundreds of entrepreneurs. But it goes further, in working to share technological and regulatory expertise across the world – this is, after all, a global issue that requires international collaboration.

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